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How Long Did it Take Famous Structures to be Built?

Leaning Tower of Pisa – Italy

pisa

Construction began:  1172

Total number of years in construction: 199

Architect: Bonanno Pisano

Fact: Although it was originally designed to be straight, the tower leans about 3.99 degrees.

St. Peter’s Basilica – Vatican City

kveit1252s

Construction began:  1506

Total number of years in construction: 144

Architect: Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno, Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Fact: The building is home to more than 100 tombs, 91 of which belong to previous popes.

St. Basil’s Cathedral – Moscow

st-basils-cathedral-history

Construction began:  1555

Total number of years in construction: 123

Architect: Barma and Postnik

Fact: This cathedral was originally comissioned by Ivan the Terrible.

Taj Mahal – India

Taj_Mahal_(Edited)

Construction began:  1632

Total number of years in construction: 21

Architect: Ustad Ahmad Lahauri

Fact: Approximately 20,000 people worked on it’s construction.

St. Paul’s Cathedral – London

St_Pauls_Cathedral_2535555b-460x288

Construction began:  1675

Total number of years in construction: 36

Architect: Sir Christopher Wren

Fact: A whisper against the wall in the Whispering Gallery can be heard clearly on the other side of the wall, 112 feet away.

Buckingham Palace – London

BXEK9B Buckingham Palace, London, UK

BXEK9B Buckingham Palace, London, UK

Construction began:  1702

Total number of years in construction: 23

Architect: John Nash

Fact: The first monarch to live at the palace was Queen Victoria.

Sagrada Familia – Barcelona

Sagrada_Familia_01

Construction began:  1832

Total number of years in construction: still technically under construction

Architect: Antoni Gaudi

Fact: At the time of Gaudi’s death in 1973, the cathedral was only 25% complete. The building is estimated to be completed in 2026.

The White House – Washington DC

The_White_House

Construction began:  1792

Total number of years in construction: 13

Architect: James Hoban

Fact: Today, it takes 570 gallons of paint to cover the exterior of The White House.

Statue of Liberty – New York

Statue of Liberty seen from the Circle Line ferry, Manhattan, New York

Statue of Liberty seen from the Circle Line ferry, Manhattan, New York

Construction began:  1875

Total number of years in construction: 9

Architect: Frederic Auguste Bartholdi

Fact: Lady Liberty herself wears size 879 sandals.

Eiffel Tower – Paris

BN-IO248_tower0_J_20150522095343

Construction began:  1887

Total number of years in construction: 2

Architect: Stephen Sauvestre

Fact: It is the tallest structure in France.

Tower Bridge – London

Tower_Bridge_Open_(6086268699)

Construction began:  1887

Total number of years in construction: 8

Architect: Sir Horace Jones

Fact: This iconic bridge can be opened to 86 degrees to let river traffic pass.

Christ the Redeemer – Brazil

christ_the_redeemer_2

Construction began:  1922

Total number of years in construction: 9

Architect: Heitor da Silva and Paul Landowski

Fact: This structure weighs 635 tonnes

Mount Rushmore – South Dakota

Mount_Rushmore_National_Memorial

Construction began:  1927

Total number of years in construction: 14

Architect: Gutzon and Lincoln Borglum (Father and Son)

Fact: The heads of these presidents represent the first 130 years of American history.

Chrysler Building – New York

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Construction began:  1928

Total number of years in construction: 2

Architect: William Van Alen

Fact: At 1,046 feet it is the tallest brick building in the world.

Empire State Building – New York

kveus5528s

Construction began:  1929

Total number of years in construction: 2

Architect: William Lamb

Fact: The static is so strong at the top of the building that people on the observation deck can actually see sparks when they kiss.

Golden Gate Bridge – San Francisco

images (4)

Construction began: 1933

Total number of years in construction: 4

Architect: Joseph Strauss, Charles Alton Ellis and Irving Morrow.

Fact: The term ‘Golden Gate’ actually refers to the Golden Gate strait that is the entrance to San Francisco Bay from the Pacific Ocean.

Atomium – Brussels

the-restaurant-is-in

Construction began: 1954

Total number of years in construction: 4

Architect: Andre Waterkeyn

Fact:  Atomium is a symbol of peace and scientific progression.

Sydney Opera House – Australia

Construction began: 1959

Total number of years in construction: 14

Architect: Jorn Utzon

Fact:  The roof is covered with more than one million titles and boasts 6,225 square metres of glass.

CN Tower – Toronto

IMG_5366

Construction began: 1973

Total number of years in construction: 2

Architect: John Andrews and Ned Baldwin

Fact:  It took 1,537 workers to build this tower.

Louvre Pyramids – Paris

louvre

Construction began: 1983

Total number of years in construction: 6

Architect: Ioeh Ming Pei

Fact: The Louvre’s most famous resident is the Mona Lisa painting.

Petronas Towers – Kuala Lumpur

1996, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia --- Malaysia,Kuala Lumpur City, Petronas Towers --- Image by © Jose Fuste Raga/Corbis

Construction began: 1993

Total number of years in construction: 3

Architect: Cesar Pelli

Fact: A double decker bridge connects the two towers from the 41st and 42nd floors.

The Millenium Dome aka The O2 – London

The-O2-Arena-at-night.-008

Construction began: 1997

Total number of years in construction: 4

Architect: Richard Rogers

Fact: Although called a ‘dome’ this construction is in fact a ‘big top’.

Burj Khalifa – Dubai

1-burj-khalifa--michael-merola

Construction began: 2004

Total number of years in construction: 2

Architect: Adrian Smith

Fact: At over 828 metres tall, the Burj Khalifa is the tallest building in the world.

The Shard – London

The Shard in London as seen at dusk.

The Shard in London as seen at dusk.

Construction began: 2009

Total number of years in construction: 3

Architect: Renzo Piano

Fact: Angled glass panes reflect the sunlight and the sky so that the appearance of the building changes according to the weather and seasons.

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